Entrepreneurial Intention’s Antecedents and Educational Level: A Case of Indonesia’s State-Owned Higher Education Institutions

Abstract :

This study examines the effects of entrepreneurial knowledge, the use of social media, and risk-taking propensity on students’ entrepreneurial intention among undergraduate and graduate students at five Indonesian state-owned universities. The data was collected by using questionnaires and distributed to 400 respondents consisting of 40 students of each program (i.e., undergraduate and graduate). Multivariate analysis was used to test the hypotheses and independent sample t-test to examine the differences of students’ entrepreneurial intention and its antecedents. The findings indicate that: 1) the antecedents positively and significantly affect both student levels’ entrepreneurial intention, and 2) of the four determinants compared among both student levels, the use of social media, risk-taking propensity and entrepreneurial intention show statistically significant differences.