This paper analyzes business process reengineering (BPR) implementation in Romanian middle and high-sized companies. It investigates the current status and effectiveness of BPR implementations at all level in an organization. It reviews the literature relating to the latest updates in reengineering and identify the main success and failure factors for BPR implementations. The main objective of this research is to have a clear picture of the current status of BPR in Romania. It also aims to assess the organization BPR efficiency and gives businesss stakeholders an overview of their level and issues to BPR best practices which in turns helps them for future improvements.