Human Capital Management is one of the components of the civil service’s competiveness. The global financial and economic crisis and the ageing society has been putting it in danger. Most of the countries had decreased the wages as well as the headcount in the public sector, which weakened employee retention and the public appeal of the civil service. These variables altogether decreased its human capacity and competitiveness. Several countries are currently in the process of the implementation of human capital strategic planning as a managerial tool for wages, headcount and demographic challenges. It is capable of making medium and long-term estimation for capacity needs, even in a restrictive environment.